Bambusa Native to tropical areas, this genus does not withstand severe cold. Grows in tufts. Caespitose.
Chimonobambusa Native to Asia, this genus likes sheltered cool places. Running bamboo.
Fargesia Native to Asia, due to its caespitose growth and hardiness, this genus is very sought-after in Europe.
Hibanobambusa Native to Japan, this species has only one recognised species that has been identified. It is one of the rare hybrids between two bamboo genera (supposed to be Sasa veitchii and Phyllostachys nigra ‘Henonis’). Running bamboo.
Indocalamus Native to China, this genus resembles Sasa with large and broad leaves, but with non-prominent culm nodes. Running bamboo.
Otatea Native to Mexico and Central America, this genus is drought tolerant. It grows in tufts. Caespitose.
Phyllostachys Native to Asia, due to its hardiness and fast growth, this is the widely diffused genus in temperate climate areas. Attractive because of the great choice of commercialised species. Running bamboo.
Pleiobastus Native to China and Japan, this genus has two characteristics: its nodes have 3 to 7 branches, its sheaths are persistent. Formerly classified in Arundinaria. Running bamboo.
Pseudosasa Native to Asia, this genus includes 36 small and medium-sized species. Its characteristics: one branch at a node and persistent sheaths. Running bamboo.
Sasa Native to Japan, this genus includes dwarf and small species. Leaves are usually large. Running bamboo.
Semiarundinaria Native to Asia, medium-size, this genus has nearly cylindrical culms. The species of this very hardy genus deserves to be recognized. Running bamboo.
Shibataea Native to Japan, this genus includes very few species. It belongs to the dwarf bamboos category and has slightly zigzagging culms. Running bamboo.
Sinobambusa Native to Asia, this genus resembles to Semiarundinaria. Running bamboo.
Thamnocalamus Native to Asia and Africa, this genus grows in tufts and is similar to Fargesia genus. Caespitose.